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Population Age Structure

The proportion of the population aged 0-14 dropped 17% in 2008 to 13% in 2018.
The proportion of the population aged 65 and above rose from 10.4% in 2008 to 14.6% in 2018.

Age

2008

Age 0-4 years

1,026,206

2018

Age 0-4 years

1,088,979

80+

535,264

80+

789,902

80+

75-79

494,896

75-79

605,485

75-79

70-74

609,541

70-74

729,554

70-74

65-69

762,519

65-69

1,308,576

65-69

60-64

834,044

60-64

1,619,800

60-64

55-59

1,422,226

55-59

1,818,291

55-59

50-54

1,715,897

50-54

1,824,194

50-54

45-49

1,895,846

45-49

1,795,250

45-49

40-44

1,878,514

40-44

1,914,048

40-44

35-39

1,823,587

35-39

2,013,902

35-39

30-34

1,916,670

30-34

1,652,938

30-34

25-29

1,994,567

25-29

1,597,391

25-29

20-24

1,642,305

20-24

1,553,109

20-24

15-19

1,605,952

15-19

1,318,265

15-19

10-14

1,559,127

10-14

1,038,668

10-14

5-9

1,319,870

5-9

1,000,580

5-9

0-4

1,026,206

0-4

1,088,979

0-4

2 Million

1.6 Million

1.2 Million

0.8 Million

0.4 Million

0.4 Million

0.8 Million

1.2 Million

1.6 Million

2 Million

Population (in millions)

Source:MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR

Update:2020/03

Crude Birth Rate, Crude Death Rate, and Rate of Natural Increase

The crude birth rate(births/mid-year population*1,000) fell from 20 ‰ in early 1980s to below 10‰ in 2000s, and to 7.7‰ in 2018.
The crude death rate(deaths/mid-year population*1,000) rose from 5‰ in the 1980s to 7.7 ‰ in 2018.
The rate of natural increase (crude birth rate minus crude death rate) declined from over 10‰ in the 1980s to about 0.4 ‰ in 2018.
2018
  • No. of Increase 8,817

    Increase Rate 0.37 ‰

  • No. of Births 181,601

    Crude Birth Rate 7.7 ‰

  • No. of Deaths 172,784

    Crude Death Rate 7.33 ‰

Source:MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR

Update:2019/10

Life Expectancy at Birth

The average life expectancy at birth was 80.4 years in 2017 (77.3 years for males and 83.7 years for females both reached historic high). Over the long term the average life expectancy at birth tend to increase. Both Taiwanese males and females average life expectancy at birth each are 8.7 years and 10.6 years higher than the worldwide average.
2017
  • Female

    83.7

  • Male

    77.3

  • Total

    80.4

years

Source:MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR

Update:2019/10

Ten Leading Causes of Death

In 2017, there were 171,857 deaths and the crude mortality rate was 729.6 per 100,000 population, a decrease of 0.5% compared to 2016 and an increase of 20% compared to 2007.
In 2017, the ten leading causes of death accounted for 76.8% of all deaths, and were primarily chronic diseases.
2007
2017

Malignant neoplasms175.9

203.9Malignant neoplasms

1

Heart disease56.7

87.6Heart disease

2

Cerebrovascular diseases56.2

53Pneumonia

3

Diabetes mellitus44.6

49.9Cerebrovascular diseases

4

Accidents and adverse effects31.1

41.8Diabetes mellitus

5

Pneumonia25.7

29.6Accidents and adverse effects

6

Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis22.5

26.6Chronic lower respiratory disease

7

Nephritis, nephrotic syndrom and nephrosis22.2

25.8Hypertensive disease

8

commit suicide17.2

22.8Nephritis, nephrotic syndrom and nephrosis

9

Hypertensive disease8.6

19.3Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis

10

per 100,000 population

Source:Ministry of Health and Welfare

Update:2019/10

National Health Expenditure (NHE)

After steadily rising since 1991, NHE surpassed NTD1,127 billion in 2017.
NHE as a share of GDP raised from 6.2% in 2007 to 6.4% in 2017.
Per capita NHE increased from NTD36,294 in 2007 to NTD47,860 in 2017.
Per Capita Health Expenditure(NT$)
NHE as % of GDP

Year:2007-2017

Source:Ministry of Health and Welfare

Update:2019/10

Crude Birth Rate , Cure Death Rate
, and Rate of Natural Increase in Major Countries

According to the 2017 World Population Data Sheet, in 2017 the world population was 7.5 billion.
Notably, both Japan and Germany had negative rates of natural increase. For the same period, the rate of natural increase in Taiwan was 1‰.

Year:2017

Source:Ministry of Health and Welfare

Update:2019/10

Crude Birth Rate ‰

Crude Death Rate ‰

Rate of Natural Increase‰

Taiwan

Crude Birth Rate ‰8

Crude Death Rate ‰7

Rate of Natural Increase‰1

Japan

Crude Birth Rate ‰8

Crude Death Rate ‰10

Rate of Natural Increase‰-2

Republic of Korea

Crude Birth Rate ‰8

Crude Death Rate ‰6

Rate of Natural Increase‰2

United States

Crude Birth Rate ‰12

Crude Death Rate ‰8

Rate of Natural Increase‰4

Canada

Crude Birth Rate ‰11

Crude Death Rate ‰8

Rate of Natural Increase‰3

United Kingdom

Crude Birth Rate ‰12

Crude Death Rate ‰9

Rate of Natural Increase‰3

Germany

Crude Birth Rate ‰9

Crude Death Rate ‰11

Rate of Natural Increase‰-2

France

Crude Birth Rate ‰11

Crude Death Rate ‰8

Rate of Natural Increase‰3

Australia

Crude Birth Rate ‰13

Crude Death Rate ‰7

Rate of Natural Increase‰6

New Zealand

Crude Birth Rate ‰13

Crude Death Rate ‰7

Rate of Natural Increase‰6